Principles of Ensemble Leadership Part 2: Rehearsal Scheduling

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Welcome to part two of my ongoing discussion regarding how to be an effective band leader.  I’m very pleased with the response that I got from the first article on this topic.  I got some nice comments and I noticed that a lot of people viewed the blog.  Thanks for your interest!

A friend of mine once said to me, “Music is easy, people are hard.”  It wasn’t until I started leading bands how prophetic that comment was! Now don’t get me wrong.  I love sharing my music with other artists, and I’ve had the pleasure of working with some of the most talented, wonderful, and generous human beings one could ever meet, but there are challenges that arise when you’re in a leadership role.  For this installment I’m going to focus on ideas regarding “musician management” and how to ensure that the logistics of organizing rehearsals and performances with multiple musicians can run more smoothly and easily. This is an incredibly broad topic, but I’ll do my best to illustrate some of the points that I consider most important.

When I started writing music for the Bjorkestra, I didn’t think about having to deal with the organizational aspects of running a large ensemble.  I sometimes think if I did, I might not have actually even gone through with even setting up the first rehearsal! Luckily for me though, there were several musicians interested in the project from the beginning, which made it easier to get musicians to rehearse, and things developed methodically enough so I wasn’t completely overwhelmed.  Regardless, I have a lot of respect for anyone that leads a big band…it’s a whole lot of work!  It doesn’t have to be a big band though, as those of you who lead smaller ensembles can attest, in order for organizing musicians and rehearsals to be a challenge.

Here are a few things to keep in mind as we delve into the world of musician management:

No one will ever care about your project as much as you do: This is something that has resonated with me time and time again over the years.  It’s sad but true, and it doesn’t matter if it’s the musicians in your band, a producer, an agent, manager, your mom, whatever.  But why should anyone care as much as you? It’s your music that you’re hiring people to perform, and you’re the one who will ultimately be receiving the accolades for your project’s successes (a good thing) as well as having to accept the consequences of it’s failures (that’s life!).  What follows is:

Don’t take things personally: This is hard to do, because as artists it’s incredibly easy to forget that those we’re hiring/collaborating with have lives, careers, and ambitions of their own.  But just because you’ve written some incredibly brilliant music doesn’t mean that anyone is going to bend over backwards to make themselves available to rehearse or to do a gig for little or no money.  It also doesn’t mean that they’re going to hesitate to call you at the last minute to cancel on your gig if they get a job that pays more or is what they may consider a better opportunity.  This doesn’t mean that a bandleader needs to be a pushover or the most understanding person in the world, but eliminating the emotional component from the equation when certain issues arise can help to avoid saying or emailing something you might regret in the future, as well as more reasonable decision making regarding the musicians involved in your project.  Speaking of which…

Working with the right musicians: This can take a lot of trial and error and experimentation, as well as a lot of personal introspection as to what we consider being “right” for us.  One of the reasons why I love living in New York City is because of the high concentration of incredible musicians that possess an extremely professional work ethic, and are so passionate about music that they are frequently willing to put art over monetary gain.  I also find it important to work with people that I can relate to on a personal level, and with whom I share a mutual respect.  This is what works for me, on both an artistic and practical level.  Having the right people involved in your project doesn’t guarantee that there are not going to ever be logistical and/or interpersonal issues to deal with, but it makes it a whole lot easier and way more enjoyable in the long run.

With those ideas in mind, for remainder of  PEL: Part Deux, I will discuss a very practical issue regarding band leadership:

Rehearsal Scheduling

One of the things I hear the most when I’m talking to a fellow musician and the subject of the Bjorkestra comes up is something like, “I don’t know how you do it, I have enough trouble organizing a quartet rehearsal” (I just heard it today, in fact!).  Actually, scheduling with a large ensemble can sometimes be less challenging than it seems, because chances are there are going to be only a few key players in the group, and the remaining musicians (generally the horn players in my experience, but not always) can send a sub if necessary.  This isn’t always the case, because sometimes you need everyone there if you’re rehearsing a new piece for a performance, or the music is super challenging, but with a smaller group like a quartet or quintet, rehearsal scheduling can be even more of a challenge because every band member may be considered essential personnel.

Consequently, regardless of how big your group is, it’s always a good idea to give yourself plenty of lead time to set up a rehearsal.  I find that generally three to four weeks in advance is reasonable, although if your rehearsing for something really important where everyone has to be there then six to eight weeks in advance might be necessary. With the big band, I do everything via email.  I create an email list on my Yahoo! account with everyone’s email address in the band and then send out the email blast to everyone all at once.  This also makes it so I don’t have to remember who is in the band and type in 17 email addresses every single time I need to write an email correspondence to the entire group.  Before I write the email, I determine what the optimal time frame is going to be to rehearse (I always try to rehearse the Bjorkestra within a week before a performance) and what days and times I’m unavailable, and then based on that I send out the request for everyone to get back to me with their specific availability for those dates and times.  I always include specific because there are going to be those people that get back to me with “I’m free during the day Monday” and what they mean is “I’m free until 5pm Monday.”  So it’s best to get hourly availability if at all possible.

Then it’s time to wait for everyone to respond to the email.  Some people get back to me right away with their availability, many within 24 hours, and a few within 48 hours to a week.  Occasionally there will also be one or two that don’t get back to me at all.  Then it’s time to get on the phone and either politely text or call them and ask them to respond to my email.  That usually does the trick.

So now that I have everyone’s availability in my email inbox, it’s time to do the scheduling! Fun fun fun.  I actually kind of like this part, because its a little like putting a puzzle together and seeing if there’s some time that can actually work for everyone.  I create an Excel spreadsheet that includes the names of everyone in the band in cells of the left hand column, and the possible dates for rehearsal in the cells of the top row, and then plug in everyone’s availability, keeping my fingers crossed (which is of course very difficult while typing) that an appropriate rehearsal time will emerge from the maelstrom.  Generally with the big band it’s an exception to the rule, even with six to eight weeks lead time, that I can find a time that works for everyone, but there will be a couple of dates that could work for almost everyone.  In these situations I might call the unavailable musicians and ask (and occasionally beg) them to can change their schedule to accommodate the rehearsal time that works best for everyone else.  If they can, great.  If not, then I usually ask them to find a sub for the rehearsal.  This takes the pressure off me to have to make a load of phone calls to find someone who can rehearse, and I can focus on moving forward the rehearsal and maybe even, if I’m lucky, the music itself!

Now that I have the rehearsal time good to go.  I email everyone back (via the email list I created, including the people that can’t make it so they can forward the info to their subs) with the rehearsal date and time.  I usually do this before I  get a rehearsal space set, because at this point a week might have passed between me sending the original availability request, and I want everyone to get the time blocked out in their calendars.  I find that if someone’s schedule changes in the interim, they generally will let you know though…but not always, which can be a drag but that’s the way it goes.  In this email I ask everyone to RSVP and confirm that they received the email.  Then, once again, I wait, and in the meantime find a rehearsal space.

Speaking of rehearsal spaces…here’s a nice website for those of you looking for a space to rehearse in NYC:

Two to five days before the rehearsal, I send one more email.  This reiterates the date and time of the rehearsal, and includes the address of the rehearsal space as well as any additional information, such as BRING A STAND!  I don’t like it when emails have all caps, but I very frequently get asked if a stand is necessary for a rehearsal or a gig, when I’ve already written it in an email, so I excuse myself for this one small email indiscretion. 🙂

So that’s how I do it! It’s a bit of work and slightly anal, but in the end it gets the job done.  This level of organization eliminates much of the stress that can be caused by not having a full band to rehearse with the day before a rehearsal, or being unsure if someone is going to show up to rehearse, etc. It also demonstrates that you’re also respectful of your band member’s time and schedule as well.    Once you’re used to whatever method that you engage for scheduling, it becomes a more natural part of the rehearsal planning process, and will allow you to focus more on the music making rather than the logistics.

As always, keep the comments coming.  I’d definitely like to hear about how other bandleaders handle their scheduling issues too.


I’ll just come out and say it…I love Italy!

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Greetings from Rome.  Ian Cook, Shayna Steele, and I have been here since Monday after an amazing performance with the full 17 piece Bjorkestra with Dave Douglas in Milan.  We played a sold out show for about 900 people and I sold 70 CD’s!!! We were also treated amazingly well by the show’s promoters – the hotel was incredible, and we had two beautiful Italian meals (although maybe a little too much grappa!).  I’m posting a YouTube video of one of the tracks from the concert as we speak, so that’ll be up soon.

I’ll also be posting photos from the trip very soon.  Tonight we’re performing with the 7 piece Bjorkestra with 4 Italian musicians in Torre del Greco in Naples.  It’s on the side of Mt. Vesuvius, so barring any volcanic eruption I’m sure we’re going to have an amazing show!


The Bjorkestra with Dave Douglas in Milan, Italy, December 5, and Italy tour

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Happy Thanksgiving everyone! I’m up here in NH having a respite from NYC craziness and spending time with my family and New England friends.  Nothing says Thanksgiving like a good ol’ blog too, so I’d like to share with you a very exciting concert coming up that has been a year in the making. 

Aperitivo in Concerto has invited the full 18 piece Bjorkestra to perform at the Teatro Manzoni in Milan, Italy on December 5th.  Also, joining us for this concert as a special guest is world-renowned trumpeter and composer Dave Douglas.  It’s going to be quite an adventure, and the first time that I’ve been able to bring the entire band overseas. 

I’ve also written a new arrangement for the concert, Bjork’s “Unison” is a trumpet feature for Dave.  I’ve also resurrected/refurbished Sean Nowell’s arrangement of “Undo.”  So we’re going to have a Vespertine-heavy concert!

Also, the 7-piece Bjorkestra has 2 additional dates currently booked in Pescara and Naples on December 7 & 8, respectively.  More info about those shows very soon!!!

NYFA Boot Camp Festival Dates Announced

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As some of you know, I participated in an amazing workshop this past summer, the New York Foundation for the Arts Artists as Entrepreneurs Boot Camp.  By the end of the five weeks, it was decided that there should be a special event in NYC that would allow the 50 entrepreneurial artists involved in this program to showcase their work.  Through the extensive efforts of NYFA and several of the participating artists, the first annual NYFA Boot Camp is happening from November 4 – 20, in a number of locations in Manhattan and Brooklyn.

NYFA has started a blog that gives a rundown of the schedule of the events for the festival:

I highly recommend checking out these events.  All of the artists are incredible at what they do.  Here are a couple of festival events that will involve yours truly too:

Artist Talk: Ambitious Art Projects and How to Make Them Happen: Four Artists Stories
November 10, 2010 at 7pm
20 Jay Street
Brooklyn, NY 11201

For this program, four Boot Camp artists, each in a different discipline, will present a significant project that they have either realized or are in the process of realizing utilizing various funding and business approaches, including fiscal sponsorship, grants, alternative funding platforms like Kickstarter, collaborations, etc. In doing so, attendees will not only be provided with some important practical information, but they will also be inspired to dream big and realize their own large-scale projects.  Panelists include Michelle Jaffe, Isabel Sadurni, Rachel Somerstein, and Travis Sullivan.  Moderated by Rachel Selekman.  This event is open to the public.


The Bjorkestra
November 18, 2010 at 10:30pm
Iridium ( )
1650 Broadway
New York, NY 10019



New Bjorkestra show announced! November 18 @ The Iridium

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Save the date! Travis Sullivan’s Bjorkestra will be performing 2 sets at The Iridium in NYC on November 18th.  This performance will be featuring the 12 piece ensemble once again, and I’ve written a new arrangement for the band – “I Miss You” from Bjork’s amazing album, Post.  I’m still working out some of the details, but I’m very happy with the way this arrangement is turning out, and it’s going to be a lovely laptop/drum feature.

This performance is also going to be under the umbrella of the New York Foundation for the Arts Boot Camp Arts Festival, which evolved out of the NYFA Artists as Entrepreneurs Boot Camp seminar that I took this past summer.  I’ll be blogging more about this Festival in the weeks to come, which will begin in early November in venues all over the city, and will feature extraordinary artists from all types of media that will be showcasing their work.  I’ll keep you posted!

Kickstarter “Live at the Jazz Standard” update, and March happenings

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So far so good…$350 raised for the Bjorkestra’s “Live at the Jazz Standard” CD Project on! Thanks to all of those who have donated thus far. 

There’s a long way to go, but there’s plenty of time before the deadline to meet the fundraising goad of $4000.  If you have a moment, check out the site: and please donate if you can spare a few buckaroos.  Every little bit helps!!! At the very least, try to check out the pitch video.  It’s my first foray into the video editing realm (using the incredibly limited Windows Live Movie Maker) but I’m very happy how it turned out!

Enough about me.  Let’s talk about me now.  🙂 This month I’ve got a few good things happening on the heels of the Blue Note show.  Going to Toronto with Rana Farhan for Nowrooz, and then bringing ye olde Casual Sextet (with a brand new lineup) for a show at Fat Cat in NYC! Also, I’ll be back at The Blue Note (twice in the same month, I must be doing something right) in NYC to perform with Gemma Genazanno, which I’m sure will be totally packed because of the Today Show appearance we did back in January. 

In between all of this activity, I will be catching up on episodes of Dexter (almost halfway through season 3!) and True Blood (about four episodes into season one), and reading Cormac McCarthy’s “Blood Meridian.” Ah, life is so full of riches (or diversions, depending on your perspective!).      

What happened to February, anyway? It’s almost like it never happened.  Oh well…onward and upward.  Can’t wait ’til spring!

Blue Note redux

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Happy March everyone!  Yesterday I was so busy with the Blue Note show preparations that I completely forgot to blog, which means I have broken my self-imposed Law of Blogging, which is to blog every Monday, Wednesday and Friday whether I have something to share or not (of course, I always do now, don’t I?).  Please find it in your heart to forgive me! 🙂

The Blue Note show with the Bjorkestra 7tet was a resounding success.  The band sounded amazing, and we played for a nearly packed house both sets.  I was pretty much at the Blue Note from about 1pm until a little after midnight.  Putting on these shows is a lot of work (not complaining, it’s a labor of love for sure!).  What a day. 

I also recorded the show, so I’ll have some tracks posted soon.

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